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BUTTERFLY SMUGGLING

Posted by Rashi on February 12, 2015 at 8:40 AM Comments comments (0)

While surfing the net I came across an article on butterfly smuggling by 'The New Indian Express' which is a sad truth and major steps should be taken against this inhuman act.

 

12/02/2015 Illegal trade of butterflies

http://www.newindianexpress.com/magazine/article294145.ece?service=print 2/3

Butterflies have been called ‘nature’s jewels’, but they are far more than pretty little insects. They are indispensable to successful farming. Butterflies

have immense economic value as pollinators — globally their value to agriculture per year is estimated at $200 billion, second only to the honeybee.

And to fragile ecosystems, like the Himalayas where the summers are relatively short, the removal of a single species like the Kaisar-i-Hind could have

a devastating chain effect. For instance, apple producers in the Himalayas complain of a decline in yield and quality due to the lack of insect pollinators,

including butterflies and moths, in the flowering season.  

With its varied climatic zones, India is a haven of diversity, and this extends to butterfly species as well. According to Ashok Kumar, a former IAS officer

who has worked for the Andhra Pradesh Wildlife Advisory board and is vice president of the Butterfly Conservation Society, the North East alone has

about 900 species, compared to 56 in the whole of the UK. The sheer diversity of species is mind-boggling, he says. No wonder the ‘bio-pirates’ are

dazzled by the wealth they confront, literally.

Some species are worth astronomical sums. For instance, high-altitude butterflies like the Bhutan Glory, Kaisar-i-Hind, Pale Jezebel, Atlas Moth and the

Ladakh Banded Apollo, fetch up to Rs 20,000 apiece in the international market. That is a staggering sum by the standards of the workers who do the

actual collecting, and a reason why they are paid well for their labours.

Today’s market for butterflies is a bit like the shark fin craze, everyone wants it because they can all afford it.  Earlier, only collectors bought

butterflies but now it’s a business that’s diversified as it expands. In Southeast Asia, Kumar says they are used in greeting cards, paper weights, even

jewellery. And in Europe and North America many people planning to start butterfly farms are always looking for exotic species. All this has put serious

strains on many butterfly populations in the country.

Arjan Basu Roy, vice president of Naturemates, an NGO in Calcutta which does butterfly surveys in and around West Bengal, says the problem is that

butterfly collection is not outlawed in other countries. While collection in India is clearly banned by the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, the global trade in

butterflies is worth something like $200 million. Those unfamiliar with this concept need only check out websites like www.insectdesign.com to see the

scale on which it happens.

During a recent survey around the Darjeeling area, Roy was amazed to find that most of the major species had almost disappeared. Perhaps one or

two of each species were spotted. Ironically, it was on a visit to Japan that he spotted a Bhutan Glory that was up for sale. It had been collected in 1999.

His inquiries turned up stocks of other Indian species, available since 2003.

The key to this operation is the local factor. “They form an essential link in the smuggling route, because after collection the butterflies are sent either to

Nepal or Myanmar where Indian laws don’t apply. From there they can be transported out. Locals who cross the border on foot are never even

questioned or searched so it’s almost impossible to detect,” says Roy.

Experts in the conservation business rue the fact that more attention isn’t paid to the depletion of insect populations, both through smuggling and

environmental degradation. According to Tej Kumar, president of the Butterfly Conservation Society in Andhra, wildlife conservation in India has come to

focus almost exclusively on the tiger. “More awareness is needed among customs and forest officials because that’s one major reason why insect

smugglers get away— these officials are not able to identify when they are taking away rare or endangered species.”

He also says the laws need to be looked at again. “We have a complicated system. The Wildlife Protection Act has four schedules under which different

species are included. And it’s only if someone is found with one of these that action can be taken. Also, while some common species are included in

the Act, certain species endemic to the Western Ghats, for instance, and thus more important, will not be included.” The question is, will everyone wake

up to notice only after the butterflies are gone?

The Indiana Jones of butterfly smuggling

In 2006, a Japanese man in Los Angeles called Hisayoshi Kojima who described himself as the world’s most wanted butterfly smuggler was

apprehended and sentenced to 21 months in prison. He was caught after an undercover operation that lasted nearly three years.

[email protected]

Looking at pix

Posted by Antonym on December 8, 2013 at 3:55 AM Comments comments (0)

Sorry if this is a 'muppet' question, but how do I get full-screen photographs from the photo albums?  I'm using a MacAir - very basically!


Tony M.

CONSERVATION OF BUTTERFLIES IN DELHI

Posted by Somya Sangal Apeejay Pitampura on July 26, 2011 at 8:09 AM Comments comments (3)

HELLO EVERYONE 

I AM WRITING A BLOG AFTER A VERY LONG TIME.

WHILE EXPLORING THE NET , I CAME ACROSS THE FOLLOWING REGARDING CONSERVATION OF BUTTERFLIES IN DELHI SO I DECIDED TO SHARE IT WITH U ALL.

Several  programmes like butterfly walk, breakfast with butterfly etc are run at Asola Bhatti Wild Life Sanctury, under Sajeeve,T.K., BNHS’s Education officer, at Aravali Biodiversity Park, by Dr. M.Shah Hussain under CMDE programme of Delhi University, and at Yamuna Bidiversity Park by Dr. Faiyaz. Okhla Bird Park is home to many butterflies at the bank of river Yamuna. These places are the other main hot spots of butterfly diversity in New Delhi..

THREAT TO BUTTERFLIES

Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (NBR) has listed 41 butterflies as protected under wild life protection act 1972. The list includes 8 species under schedule I, 26 species in schedule II and 7 species in schedule IV. 300 species have already included in red data book as endangered species, which is very alarming (The Tribune).

Large-scale poaching and international nexus of smugglers is the biggest threat to Himalayan butterflies like Apollo and Swallowtail butterflies which are most threatened species. Smugglers engage locals specially children in Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Rohtang Pass, Assam and W.Ghats and pay them 30 –50 rupees for every butterfly they catch for them. Depending upon the species these are sold in the international market, some times for even as high as 2500—3500 dollars. China and South East Asia along with Thailand are the main hubs of international butterfly smuggling from India. Poachers come to India on student visas and they collect rare butterflies carry them in envelops , matchboxes and use many more criminal methods for their transportation and not only that they throw away all those beautiful butterflies whose wings are damaged during catch and this number may even touch to thousand some times.

Lack of expertise in the identification of butterflies poached help poachers to have an easy escape; there are many reported incidences where international smugglers were released from police custody due to lack of information on identification.

These Lepidoptera are killed, dried and used for greeting cards, and for other ornamental and decoration purposes.

This is seriously very bad as butterflies play avery important role in our ecosystem (as shared by many of my friends) . Certain steps should be taken to curb this problem.

ACTION PLANS FOR PROTECTION OF BUTTERFLIES

1- Habitat destruction of forest cover especially for species –specific host plants should be reviewed time to time.

2 - Increased vigilance on poaching of butterflies from the areas where they are found in abundance.

3- Educate school children from primary level by introducing butterfly chapters in science books about their importance in various fields related to human life.

4 – Recognise and reward those experts who are already engaged in butterfly conservation programmes and are working on their own as field guides in their area locally.

5 - Sponsored symposia and seminars in every academic institute for updating information on butterfly status in the country should be encouraged through government funding.

6 - Farmers in villages should be educated about butterfly’s importance as a pollinator in agriculture.

7 - A data bank at national level should be created where information related to butterflies and their conservation is maintained with all details including regional nomenclature of all butterflies.

8 - Academic institutions should discourage students for submitting annual projects on butterfly collection and their albums.

9 – Discourage use of over dose of pesticides in crop fields and avoid overgrazing .They kill eggs,and larvae of butterflies.

10 – Farmers should be made aware about crop rotation and monoculture plantation should be reduced. A study conducted in Assam Tea Estates shows that butterfly density was low in tea gardens because of monoculture as compared to other green forests.

I would like to ask all of you which one of the above measures is most effective and that can be incorporated in our project of butterfly in your hands.

thank you

 


COMPILATION OF BLOGS (CONTD.)

Posted by Somya Sangal Apeejay Pitampura on July 26, 2011 at 3:59 AM Comments comments (0)

5) POSTED BY AAKARSHA HANDA ON JULY29,2011

Hello!

I am back with yet another blog.We have heard about many laws , local as well as national , for the protection of butterflies in India.But still there are many more organisations and societies which are promoting butterfly conservation through their interactive sessions and programs.Todya , we will be talking about these organisations and societies.So , let us begin.

1.WWF-INDIA

WWF-INDIA is one of the largest conservation organisations engaged in wildlife and nature conservation in the country.This organisation plays an important role in the conservation of butterfliy species , especially the Kaiser-i-hind butterfly.This specie is also known as the Emperor of India due to its shimmering greens, bright yellows and delicate blacksThe Kaiser-i-Hind is a local and rare butterfly which is protected by Indian and Nepalese law. Protection enforcement in these countries not being effective, it is hunted and collectors pay heavy prices.The two species of Kaiser-i-hind were listed in CITES, Appendix II from 1987 onwards.IUCN has listed this butterfly in the ''Near Thretened '' category.It is also threatened by limestone mining activities.

WWF-India is working to conserve the habitat of this butterfly through its different landscape programmes in Eastern Himalayas.

kaiser i hind butterfly

2.BNHS-BOMBAY NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY

BNHS has been promoting the cause of a natural India for the past 127 years since 1883.It organises nature trail camps covering a wide variety of habitats in India from the snowy Himalayas to the rain swept forests and deserts.The objective is to connect people to nature conservation, advocate eco-tourism and encourage local participation.It encourages conservation by making CECs( Conservation Education Centre ) in Mumbai and Delhi.It also organises Training sessions, Workshops, Nature Trails and Customized Programs for adults, children, families and corporates to create awareness about conservation.It has played a major role in butterfly conservation.

A small area outside CEC is developed in Butterfly Garden. There are several foodplants as well as nectar plants planted in this garden. At any given time, visitors get to see butterflies seeking nectar or a caterpillar chopping away the leaves and if one is lucky they may get to see butterflies laying eggs or butterfly emerging from a pupa.

It also organises the following awareness programs:

a.Breakfast with Butterflies

b.Butterfly watching trails

c.Butterfly watch Nature Camps

d.Bas with Bugs

e.Meal with Moths

f.Publication of books and booklets

It has been publishing the BNHS journal since1886.

3.BUTTERFLY CONSERVATION SOCIETY , HYDERABAD

BCS

was founded in December 2005 by a few enthusiasts from Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, with the objective of spreading the message of conservation of valuable butterfly fauna and other insects and also to protect their habitats and to create awareness among both the young and old.The society organises field trips, lectures, nature camps, film and slide shows. It is registered under the Andhra Pradesh Societies Registration Act 2001.It has the following objectives:

a. To generate interest in butterflies and their conservation among young and old.

b. To create awareness among people about the beneficial role of butterflies and other insects their habitats towards a healthy ecosystem.

c. Networking with other organisation in nature conservation including research and also to conduct workshop and training programmes to enhance knowledge on this subject.

d. To provide, equip and maintain a museum and other repositories for butterflies and other insects along with herbarium consisting of butterfly flora which provide nectar for adults and larval food plants.

e. Assisting educational and other institutions and in individual homes and parks for erecting butterfly gardens/parks in their premises.

f. Develop database on butterflies available in AP and to prepare field guide on butterflies in Andhra Pradesh.

g. To bring out a newsletter on butterflies to publish and exchange information on butterflies.

4.HORIZON INTERNATIONAL AND BUTTERFLY CONSERVATION , ASSAM

This organisation has successfully launched an initiative for the conservation of butterfliesThe primary objective of the programme has been to initiate people into the fantastic world of butterflies and to encourage them to get involved in butterfly study and conservation.

The second butterfly study workshop was held at Bajali College, Pathshala from 10-12 September 2006

A training programme on butterfly study and strategies for their conservation has been designed as part of their effort to create a group that conducts research and field studies on butterflies and to gradually build a network that furthers long-term butterfly conservation at national and international levels.

The programme has been quite successful and over the past six months they have conducted camps in different parts of Assam, reaching out to over 70 undergraduates and high-school students.

This has been achieved by working with Departments of Zoology in different colleges where life-sciences are taught, as well as networking with environmental NGOs working in the field of wildlife conservation.

Their on-going efforts have helped them to initiate individuals into more systematic butterfly study and consequently form a framework for a much-needed butterfly conservation network.

5.BANNERGHATTA NATIONAL PARK , BANGALORE

The country's first Butterfly Park was established at the Bannerghatta Biological Park.THE BUTTERFLY PARK comprises a butterfly conservatory, museum and an audio-visual room.

The environment has a tropical setting — complete with the humid climate, an artificial waterfall,a narrow walking bridge and host plants and shrubs that attract butterflies.

The conservatory leads to the second and third domes, which house the museum containing dioramas and exhibits of carefully preserved,exquisite butterflies.

Th government has been promoting the conservation of butterflies through stamps.

2.OPENING BUTTERFLY CONSERVATORIES

The government has opened several butterfly conservatories.It has opened the following conservatories

a.Bannerghatta National Park

b.Butterfly Conservatory of Goa

c.Butterfly Park in Himachal Pradesh

d.India's first Open Air Butterfly Park opened in Sikkim

Now , we come to an end of this blog.I hope that the government keeps promoting the conservation of butterflies.

6) POSTED BY NAMRATA PANDEY ON JUNE 3,2011

WORLD OF INCREDIBLE BUTTERFLIES

The Karner Blue, Lycaeides melissa samuelis, is a small, blue butterfly found in small areas of New Jersey, the Great Lakes region, southern New Hampshire, and the Capital District region of New York.

The male and female of this small (wingspan of about one inch) butterfly are different in appearance. The topside of the male is silvery or dark blue with narrow black margins. The female is grayish brown, especially on the outer portions of the wings, to blue on the topside, with irregular bands of orange crescents inside the narrow black border. The underside of both sexes is gray with a continuous band of orange crescents along the edges of both wings and with scattered black spots circled with white.

Wild lupine is a perennial plant in the pea family with beautiful pink to blue flowers. It is found primarily on dry, sandy soils in open to partially shaded habitats.karner blue feed on wild lupine.

Due to effects of environmental variation and differing requirements among life stages, broods, and sexes, Karner blue butterflies require a mosaic of sun and shade.Adult Karner blue butterfly females are more likely to use shaded habitats than males. Avoiding harassment by males and compromising between greater amounts of wild lupine in open areas and better quality of wild lupine in shaded areas (see below) have been suggested as possible reasons for increased occurrence of females in shade.

 

Larvae in shaded habitat apparently have an advantage over those in open areas. The increase in larvae in shaded habitats is likely due to effects of shade on wild lupine.Shade-grown wild lupine has been shown to provide higher quality larval resource than sun-grown lupine.

Spiders and many insects are the major predators of Karner blue butterflies. The seven-spotted lady beetle is one of the few confirmed predators of Karner blue butterfly larvae.Paper wasps (Polistes spp.), spined soldier bugs, and ants (Formica spp.) have been observed removing larvae,and the ant Monomorium emarginatum has been seen chewing on Karner blue butterfly eggs.

According to reviews, habitat loss through direct conversion to other land uses and through succession are considered the major causes of the decline of the Karner blue butterfly.Habitat loss and butterfly collectors continue to threaten populations of the Karner Blue Butterfly. Collection is illegal without a permit from the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

7) POSTED BY SUKRITI SUHEJA ON MAY 30,2011

BUTTERFLIES OF INDIA

Heya guys....Really Really sorry for being too late...Today i will be discussing about COMMON CROW BUTTERFLY.

COMMON CROW BUTTERFLY(Euploea core):Itis a common butterfly found in South Asia. In India it is also sometimes referred to as the Common Indian Crow, and in Australia as the Australian Crow. It belongs to the Crows and Tigers subfamily of the Nymphalidae (Brushfooted butterflies).The Common Crow is the most common representative of its genus Euploea.The Common Crow (Euploea core) is a glossy black butterfly with brown underside with white marks along the outer margins of the wing. The wingspan is about 8-9 cm and the body also has prominent white spots.

MALE COMMON CROW BUTTERFLY:Male's upperside dark brown, broadly paler along terminal margins; Fore and hind wing with subterminal and terminal series of white spots; on fore wing the former more or less oval, curved inwards opposite apex, the latter series often incomplete, not reaching apex, the spots smaller; often there is a small costal spot, and very rarely a spot in apex of cell and one or more discal spots; on the hind wing the inner series of spots are elongate, the outer conical. Underside similar, but ground-colour more uniform; cell, costal and discal spots on both fore and hind wing nearly always present.

MALE COMMON CROW

FEMALE COMMON CROW BUTTERFLY:Female's hindwing broadly ovate. Upperside dark brown, broadly paler along the terminal margins, especially on the fore wing. Fore wing with more or less incomplete and obsolescent series of subterminal and terminal small white spots, and a powdering of violaceous-white scales at apex, varying very considerably in extent from a mere trace of violaceous between the veins to a large and very conspicuous patch occupying the whole of the apex. Hind wing with a subterminal series of oval or inwardly conical and terminal series of more rounded white spots. Underside paler brown, the white spots larger, more clearly defined. Fore wing not violaceous at apex, a spot (sometimes absent) in apex of cell, and two or three discal spots. Hindwing: a spot in apex of cell, also sometimes absent, and a discal series of five small spots beyond. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen very dark brown, and, the antennae excepted, sparsely spotted with white.

FEMALE COMMON CROW

HABITAT AND HABITS:It is found everywhere in India right up into the mountains till 8000 feet. Occasionally it swarms in the low, wet, jungles of South India due to the abundance of its foodplants which are spread over three orders of plants.The butterfly, being protected by its inedibility has a leisurely flight. It is often seen flying about shrubs and bushes in search of its host plants. It visits a large variety of flowering plant species.

LIFECYCLE OF COMMON CROW

EGGS:Eggs are laid on the underside of young leaves of the host plants. The egg is shiny white, tall and pointed, with ribbed sides. Just before hatching the eggs turn greyish with a black top.

CATERPILLAR:The caterpillar is cylindrical, vividly coloured and smooth. It has alternate white and dark brown or black transverse bands.The caterpillar bears four tentacle-like appendages, three towards the front and one at the back. All of them are curved backward at the tips.

PUPA:The pupa of this species is shiny golden in color. The wing margins are marked with broad colourless bands. The abdomen has a row of black spots on each segment. The cremaster is black. The pupa later turns black.

OVERALLVIEW OF COMMON CROW LIFECYCLE

 

EGG CATERPILLAR PUPA ADULT OF COMMON CROW

*It usually has some preference for certain species in a given area. The more commonly used plants are Ficus racemosa, Nerium oleander, Nerium odorum and Cryptolepis buchananii. Ficus pumila a cultivated garden plant which climbs on walls.

8) POSTED BY AAKARSHA HANDA ON MAY19,2011

Hello everyone

I am back with another interesting thought provoking blog.We generally divide the butterflies into the following sub-categories:

1.Superfamily Hediloidea

2.Superfamily Hesperioidea

3.Superfamily Papilionoidea : papilionidae

pieridae

nymphalidae

lycaenidae

riodinidae

The family hesperiidae belonging to the second superfamily hasw the Skipper butterfly.We all have been knowing that Skippers are butterflies.Although they are considered as butterflies , their appearance would suggest that they might be closely related to moths rathee than butterflies.

First let us discuss the features of a moth.The wings of a moth are CONNECTED and when it is at rest , it holds its wings at level.A moth flies at dusk and during the night.Moths have fat furry bodies with feathery antennae.Some moth caterpillars produce silk and have a habit of making holes in woollen clothing.

Unlike butterflies , Skippers have their antennae clubs HOOKED backward like a crochet hook whereas true butterflies' antennae are clubbed together with bubous ends.Skippers have feathereed antennae similar to moths.Skippers have thicker hairy bodies and larger compound eyes unlike true butterflies.When at rest, skippers keep their wings usually angled upwards or spread out, and only rarely fold them up completely.

So these were the similarities between the characteristics of a skipper and a moth.You will be surprised to know Butterflies are divided into two main groups called skippers (hesperioidea) and true butterflies (papilionoidea).

Let us visualise the similarities between the two...

So now we have seen that the appearance of the skippper butterfly separates it from falling into the category of butterflies.

9) POSTED BY SUKRITI SUHEJA ON MAY 11,2011

Heya guys..back once again srry for being late..:(Today we will be discusssing about PEA BLUE BUTTERFLY.

PEA BLUE BUTTERFLY(Lampides boeticus):It is a small butterfly found in Europe, Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and Australia that belongs to the Lycaenids or gossamer-winged family.The wingspan is 24-32 mm for males and 24-34 mm for females.It is also called Peablue, Pea Blue, or Long-tailed Blue.

INTRODUCTION OF PEA BLUE BUTTERFLY:The Long-tailed Blue, or Pea Blue as it is often called, is the sole member of the genusLampides. Despite its small size and apparent fragility it is strongly migratory, able to cross seas, oceans and low mountain ranges with relative ease. It is one of the commonest and most widespread species in the Old World, breeding in southern Europe, almost throughout Africa, and across southern Asia to Indonesia and Australia, and reached New Zealand in 1965. The butterfly reached Hawaii in 1882 but has not yet reached the Americas, although it will almost certainly manage to do so within a few years, probably as a result of being accidentally introduced with an imported plant. In the Oriental regionboeticus is widespread and common, largely due to the use of one of its larval foodplants Crotalaria as a cover plant in rubber plantations. On the upperside males are pale blue with narrow dark borders. Females are dark earthy brown, with a slight flush of pale blue scales at the base of the wings. The pattern on the underside is unique, so this species is unlikely to be confused with any other.

LIFECYCLE:The eggs are china-white and covered with a network of reticulations. They are laid on the flowers, sepals and flower stalks of herbs and bushes in the family Fabacea.The larvae when fully grown are cylindrical, and occur in several colour forms including dark green, yellowish green, and pearly white. All forms have a brown dorsal stripe, reddish lateral streaks and a brown head. The larva has a honey gland on the 7th abdominal segment which attracts certain ant species which milk it for the secretion. The presence of the ants is undoubtedly beneficial in providing a degree of protection against parasitoid wasps and flies. The larva is cannibalistic at all stages of its life, with the result that only one larva survives on each plant.The smooth rounded chrysalis is creamy or pale brown, with a dark dorsal line. It is usually formed at ground level, attached to a dead leaf.

 

ADULT BEHAVIOUR:The migratory nature of the butterfly means that adults can be seen singly almost anywhere, but normally in the areas where it breeds several can be seen flying together around leguminous herbs and bushes.Both sexes nectar at a wide variety of wild and cultivated flowers. Males also visit damp ground to imbibe mineralised moisture, usually aggregating with other Polyommatine species.The antennae-like "tails" on the hindwings, together with the orange, silver and black "eyespot" at the tornus act together to create the impression of a false head, and divert the attention of birds away from the body. When the butterfly first settles it immediately turns around, and when it is feeding it often walks about in tight circles, thus a predator is never quite sure which direction it is facing. It also oscillates its hindwings causing the tails to wiggle like antennae. This reinforces the back-to-front illusion, and probably causes attacking birds to aim at the tail instead of the head of the butterfly, enabling it to escape relatively unharmed, leaving the bird with nothing but a piece of detached wing in its beaks.

10)POSTED BY NAMRATA PANDEY ON MAY3,2011

WORLD OF INCREDIBLE BUTTERFLIES

today i will tell u about an endangered butterfly named The silver-studded blue butterfly So named due to the silvery blue metallic spots on the underside hind wings

Most easily confused with the Common Blue, it is generally slightly smaller and in the male the blue is a darker shade. The Common Blue also has an additional black spot at the base of the underside forewing.

Silver-studded blue butterflies were released in the UK for the first time in 10 years today in an attempt to save the species from extinction.

 

Fifty female butterflies were released by rangers from the local wildlife trust on Ockham Common in Surrey after being brought in from three nearby sites.

 

The silver-studded blue (plebejus argus) was once common across the UK, but its numbers have declined significantly, dropping by 28% between 1970 and 1999. The species is now extremely rare and has become confined to small, fragmented heathland areas.

 

The butterflies only travel an average of 30 metres in their lifetime, and barriers such as pine trees can stop them from moving from one area to another. This decreases the population and gene pool, creating the need for relocation programmes to ensure the survival of the species.

 

The decline of heathland in Britain has also threatened the survival of the species as open land and commons have become broken up due to urbanisation.

 

Today's project by The Surrey Wildlife Trust, in cooperation with Butterfly Conservation, English Nature and Elmbridge borough council, is the first to take place in UK for the last decade and the first ever in Surrey, the trust said.

 

There are only 14 sites left in Surrey that support the silver-studded blue. The only other places where official releases of the butterflies have been made are in East Anglia and in Wales.

11) POSTED BY ANJALI HANDA ON MAY 2,2011

AN EYE OPENER

Visited the Yamuna Biodiversity Park on 23 April11 along with my students - Aakarsha,Preet, Namrata & Sukriti - members of this project. The Butterfly Conservatory out there was an eye opener for all of us , as we saw the eggs, larvae and adults of so many butterflies on the host plants there, thanx to Ms. Niyang in the Park, who took us around and gave us first hand information.

12) POSTED BY SUKRITI SUHEJA ON APRIL 29,2011

BUTTERFLIES IN INDIA

Heya guys..am back Today we will be discussing about CHOCOLATE PANSY BUTTERFLY.Hope you love to read it...

CHOCOLATE PANSY BUTTERFLY (Junonia iphita):This is a butterfly found in Asia.It is about 5–6 centimetres in wingspan and the female can be told apart from the male by white markings on the oblique line on the underside of the hind wing. The wavy lines on the underside of the wings vary from wet to dry season forms.Individuals maintain a territory and are usually found close to the ground level and often bask in the sun.The eggs are often laid on the ground or on dry twigs near the host plants rather than on them. On hatching the larvae find their way to the host plants.

 

MALE CHOCOLATE PANSY BUTTERFLY:Upperside of both sexes brown of varying depths of colour. Fore wing: cell with one pair of subbasal and one pair of apical transverse sinuous fasciae.Hind wing with a slender blackish loop near apex of cellular area; a broad inwardly diffuse, outwardly well-defined short discal fascia in continuation of the one on the fore wing; a series of postdiscal somewhat ochraceous ocelli with black pupils minutely centred with white; postdiscal and subterminal broad lines as on the fore wing.

MALE CHOCOLATE PANSY

FEMALE CHOCOLATE PANSY BUTTERFLY:Underside brown, with very broad darker brown transverse fasciae, the interspaces between the markings irrorated with purplish silvery scales. Fore wing with two sinuous fasciae on basal half succeeded by a discal fascia, very broad at the costal margin and decreasing in width to the dorsum, bearing on its outer border a row of obscure ocelli. This is succeeded by a zigzag dark line, and sinuous subterminal and terminal lines ; apex and tornal area suffused with purplish silvery. Hind wing : two irregular, very broad, dark brown, curved short fasciae near base ; a straight, transverse, prominent, narrow ochreous-brown discal band defined outwardly by a black line ; a transverse postdiscal dark brown fascia, widest in the middle and bearing outwardly a curved row of ochreous-brown white-centred ocelli, followed by a zigzag dark line in continuation of the one on the fore wing; a subterminal somewhat diffuse dark fascia and a terminal dark line. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen dark brown.

FEMALE CHOCOLATE PANSY

LARAVE AND PUPA:The Larave is cylindrical, slightly pubescent and armed with nine longitudinal rows of many-branched spines, except on the head which is clothed with short bristles and the Pupa is regular, with three or five dorsal rows of small tubercular points, hung perpendicularly.

The larvae feed on a variety of plants of the family Acanthaceae species recorded are Hygrophila costata, Justicia micrantha, Justicia procumbens, Justicia sphaerosperma, Lepidagathis formosensis, Strobilanthes callosus and Strobilanthes formosanus.

STROBILANTHES FORMSANUS

Thanxx for reading my blog...This much for toady i hope you enjoyed reading my blog next weel i will be telling you about PEA BLUE BUTTERFLY...Till then bbyee tc ciya and have a nice day!!!!!!

13) POSTED BY AAKARSHA HANDA ON APRIL 27,2011

OUR FIRST VISIT TO......

hello

Sorry for being so late for this

Today , i will tell yu about our visit to Yamuna Biodiversity Park , Wazirabad.Yamuna Biodiversity Park is a vast area covering around 150 acres.It is divided into many zones : Visitor's Zone , Nature Reserve Zone , Herbal Zone and Butterfly Conservatory.Let's mainly concentrate on the Butterfly Conservatory.

Butterfly Conservatory is a very bright and colourful place.It is place full of butterflies and host plants.One - one leaf filled with a cluster of eggs.One-one plant fillede with butterflies fluttering over them.Salmon arab butterfly , spotted peirrot , common mormon , plain tiger butterfly and so on.

We clicked many pictures and had a lovely time inspite of the tiring weather .Overall , we had a lovely time.

so , that's all for today .

till then

byeeeee

regards

aakarsha handa

 

COMPILATION OF BLOGS

Posted by Somya Sangal Apeejay Pitampura on July 26, 2011 at 1:48 AM Comments comments (1)

1) POSTED BY SAUMYA ON JULY 25,2011

Here are a few simple ways to conserve butterflies.

1. Let the water run

No sound attracts wildlife like running water. Add a small gurgling water source to your yard, and backyard birds will flock to your home!

 

2. Cater to caterpillars

Grow the plants caterpillars crave as food: milkweed for Monarchs, dill for Swallowtails, pussytoes for Painted Ladies. As you feed caterpillars, you'll be growing butterflies!

 

3. Leave those leaves

When autumn's leaves fall, leave generous piles in corners, atop beds. It's great mulch, and a winter hibernation spot for butterflies, bees, and more. A messy winter garden is great habitat for small creatures.

4. A sweet idea

Purchase a hummingbird and/or a butterfly feeder, stock it with homemade nectar (sugar water), and enjoy watching these nectar-sippers at work.

5. Spray? No way!

Pesticides harm valuable insects, not just the pest you've targeted. And the potential impact of chemicals on children and pets is still unknown. To restore ecological balance, minimize or end your use of sprays.

6. A tree-mendous idea

Feed birds naturally by planting the trees that produce wildlife-friendly fruits and seeds: pines, oaks, walnuts, fruit trees. Dogwood's red berries, for example, are winter food for as many as 90 species of birds.

2) POSTED BY NAMRATA PANDEY ON JULY 10,2011

Why conserve butterflies?

Butterflies feed on nectar flowering plants and in turn serve as important and indispensable pollinators of many flowering plants (both wild as well as crops grown by farmers such as Cadaba fruticosa (Kukka vominta) which grows only when pollinated by certain species of butterflies.

The caterpillars of most of the butterflies feed and develop on weeds instead of agricultural crops thus helping in controlling weeds on farms and appropriately be called friends of farmers

Butterflies are one of the most important food chain component of birds, reptiles, spiders and predatory insects.

More importantly, they are good indicators of environmental changes, being sensitive to and directly affected by changes in habitats, atmosphere and weather conditions.

Butterflies are of great esthetic value. Being beautiful and colourful they form part of the heritage of a nation and need to be preserved at all costs.

Causes that endanger butterflies

Habitat destruction, degradation of forests and their fragmentation.

Application of pesticides and weedicides is one primary cause for depletion of valuable butterfly species and their numbers.

Trampling and grazing also affect flora which harbour and sustain many butterflies, both adults and their larvae. Large scale eco-tourism programmes in vulnerable butterfly habitats can harm many butterfly species.

Measures to conserve butterflies

Legal protection accorded to butterflies and their dependant flora goes a long way in preserving habitats of butterflies. The butterfly species are protected in Schedule-I, Schedule-II and Schedule-IV. The first Schedule lists 15 butterfly species of peninsular India. Bio-piracy of butterflies of First Schedule can lead to imprisonment of up to 6 years and a fine. The Kaiser-i-Hind and Bhutan Glory top this list and are already entered into the red-data book. The Second Schedule lists 47 species of peninsular butterflies and subspecies.

 

Forest Department can make efforts to record and protect butterfly diversity in Andhra Pradesh. A.P. Biodiversity Board has started efforts in enlisting protection of butterfly species of the region.

 

Encouraging butterfly gardens in homes and institutions and erection of butterfly parks in various parks of the state go a long way in focusing and enhancing our commitment and interest towards these species and thereby create awareness and appreciation of these valuable but slowly dwindling creatures.

 

As a long term objective educating people to set up butterfly ranches and farms would help to restore and restock the butterfly population.

3)POSTED BY SHREYA CHAUHAN ON JULY 6,2011

Butterflies aren’t for Free or Profits!

The illegal wildlife trade in India is estimated at several thousand crore, the third most lucrative after arms and drugs, and it isn’t just tiger skins and penises. A major part of it includes the small things people don’t notice — such as butterflies, nature’s winged jewels which have been referred to as ‘flagships’ and ‘honorary birds’. They are valuable pollinators when they move from plant to plant gathering nectar. Butterflies are one of the important foodchain components of the birds, reptiles, spiders and predatory insects. They are also good indicators of environmental quality as they are sensitive to the changes in the environment.

But the smuggling of butterflies is a cause of concern and requires immediate attention lest all these jewels would vanish which would be disastrous. Various schedules of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972(henceforth WPA), dictate the level of legal protection given to species of Indian animals even to insects like butterflies. But the shortcomings of the schedules of the WPA with respect to insects have been pointed out, but no solutions have been suggested as yet. Analysis have even shown that a large proportion of species with high conservation values, many of them narrowly endemic and endangered, are not listed under the WPA, indicating the need to expand thelistings.

As for catching the culprits, over the last 20 years or so, a handful of cases against the violators have been registered. They involve foreign collectors or scientists trying to smuggle butterflies and other insects. But the majority,as in the case of Nadukani, the culprit simply flies under the radar or is not treated with the seriousness it deserves, this can be attributed to the lenient and casual treatment of the Indian Government.

With its varied climatic zones, India is a haven of diversity, and this extends to butterfly species as well. According to Ashok Kumar, a former IAS officer who has worked for the AndhraPradesh Wildlife Advisory board and is vice president of the Butterfly Conservation Society, the North East alone has about 900 species, compared to 56 in the whole of the UK.The sheer diversity of species is mind-boggling”, he says. No wonder the ‘bio-pirates’ are dazzled by the wealth they confront, literally.

During arecent survey around the Darjeeling area, it was revealed that most of the major butterfly species had almost disappeared. Hence, today’s market for butterflies is a bit like the shark fin craze, everyone wants it because they can all afford it. Earlier, only collectors bought butterflies but now it’s a business that’s diversified as it expands. They are widely used in greeting cards, paper weights, even jewellery.

Experts in the conservation business rue the fact that more attention isn’t paid to the depletion of insect populations, both through smuggling and environmental degradation. According to Tej Kumar, president of the Butterfly ConservationSociety in Andhra, wildlife conservation in India has come to focus almost exclusively on the tiger.

He also says the laws need to be looked at again. “Wehave a complicated system. The Wildlife Protection Act has four schedules under which different species are included. And it’s only if someone is found withone of these that action can be taken. Also, while some common species are included in the Act, certain species endemic to the Western Ghats, for instance, and thus more important, will not be included.” We have seen the lenient and callous attitude of the government towards it but the question is will the government ever realize how it is harming the ecology. I guess it’s time to wake up and do our bit rather than relying on the old tactics of the government...

4) POSTED BY AGNES PADINAS ON JULY 2 , 2011

Butterflies get their name from the yellow brimstone butterfly of Europe that is first seen in the early spring or "butter" season.

Female Queen Alexandra butterflies, from Papua and New Guinea, are the largest in the world, some with wingspans larger than 26 cm.

Butterflies and moths are found on all land masses except Antarctica.

The atlas moth, one of the largest silk moths, can be mistaken for a medium-sized bat when flying.

There are over 2,000 species of butterflies in the rainforests of South America.

Butterflies belong to, alongside with moths to an order called Lepidoptera.

The fastest flying butterfly is the Monarch, which has been clocked with a speed as high as 17 miles per hour.

Butterflies are further divided into 30 orders, the main basis of classification being their wing structure.

The main features of butterflies have in common are:

6 legs

one pair of antennae

a segmented body in which three body parts, a head, a thorax and an abdomen can be distinguished.

Night butterflies have ears on their wings so they can avoid bats.

A butterfly's taste sensors are located below their feet.

The color in a butterfly's wings does not come from pigment. The color is produced prism-like by light reflected by their transparent wing scales.

The largest butterfly is the Queen Alexandra's birdwing butterfly from Papua New Guinea. The wingspan of the butterfly can reach to be almost one foot.

A butterfly has to have a body temperature greater than 86 degrees to be able to fly.

A butterfly can see the colors red, green, and yellow.

 

 

conservation of butterflies

Posted by saumya on July 25, 2011 at 9:27 AM Comments comments (1)

Here are a few simple ways to conserve butterflies.

1. Let the water run

No sound attracts wildlife like running water. Add a small gurgling water source to your yard, and backyard birds will flock to your home!

 

2. Cater to caterpillars

Grow the plants caterpillars crave as food: milkweed for Monarchs, dill for Swallowtails, pussytoes for Painted Ladies. As you feed caterpillars, you'll be growing butterflies!

 

3. Leave those leaves

When autumn's leaves fall, leave generous piles in corners, atop beds. It's great mulch, and a winter hibernation spot for butterflies, bees, and more. A messy winter garden is great habitat for small creatures.


4. A sweet idea

Purchase a hummingbird and/or a butterfly feeder, stock it with homemade nectar (sugar water), and enjoy watching these nectar-sippers at work.


5. Spray? No way!

Pesticides harm valuable insects, not just the pest you've targeted. And the potential impact of chemicals on children and pets is still unknown. To restore ecological balance, minimize or end your use of sprays.


6. A tree-mendous idea

Feed birds naturally by planting the trees that produce wildlife-friendly fruits and seeds: pines, oaks, walnuts, fruit trees. Dogwood's red berries, for example, are winter food for as many as 90 species of birds.




world of incredible butterflies

Posted by namrata pandey on July 10, 2011 at 7:46 AM Comments comments (7)

hi everyone

am posting a blog after a long time. sorry for being too late.

Why conserve butterflies?

Butterflies feed on nectar flowering plants and in turn serve as important and indispensable pollinators of many flowering plants (both wild as well as crops grown by farmers such as Cadaba fruticosa (Kukka vominta) which grows only when pollinated by certain species of butterflies.

The caterpillars of most of the butterflies feed and develop on weeds instead of agricultural crops thus helping in controlling weeds on farms and appropriately be called friends of farmers

Butterflies are one of the most important food chain component of birds, reptiles, spiders and predatory insects.

More importantly, they are good indicators of environmental changes, being sensitive to and directly affected by changes in habitats, atmosphere and weather conditions.

Butterflies are of great esthetic value. Being beautiful and colourful they form part of the heritage of a nation and need to be preserved at all costs.

Causes that endanger butterflies

Habitat destruction, degradation of forests and their fragmentation.

Application of pesticides and weedicides is one primary cause for depletion of valuable butterfly species and their numbers.

Trampling and grazing also affect flora which harbour and sustain many butterflies, both adults and their larvae. Large scale eco-tourism programmes in vulnerable butterfly habitats can harm many butterfly species.

Measures to conserve butterflies

Legal protection accorded to butterflies and their dependant flora goes a long way in preserving habitats of butterflies. The butterfly species are protected in Schedule-I, Schedule-II and Schedule-IV. The first Schedule lists 15 butterfly species of peninsular India. Bio-piracy of butterflies of First Schedule can lead to imprisonment of up to 6 years and a fine. The Kaiser-i-Hind and Bhutan Glory top this list and are already entered into the red-data book. The Second Schedule lists 47 species of peninsular butterflies and subspecies.

 

Forest Department can make efforts to record and protect butterfly diversity in Andhra Pradesh. A.P. Biodiversity Board has started efforts in enlisting protection of butterfly species of the region.

 

Encouraging butterfly gardens in homes and institutions and erection of butterfly parks in various parks of the state go a long way in focusing and enhancing our commitment and interest towards these species and thereby create awareness and appreciation of these valuable but slowly dwindling creatures.

 

As a long term objective educating people to set up butterfly ranches and farms would help to restore and restock the butterfly population.

thanks for reading

regards

namrata





SUMMARY OF THE BLOGS

Posted by Sukriti Sukhija on July 10, 2011 at 7:45 AM Comments comments (1)

Heya everyone...
This blog will show the blogs , photo albums and videos contributed to the butterflies by the students of DAVAO school...
Agnes Pandis
BLOGS:
1.Amazing Facts
2.DAVAO Butterfly Park
3.OMG 2
4.OMG!!
5.Oops..Take a look at this
6.Wow!!!
7.Trivia
8.trivia.TRIVIA.trivia
9.Anomalous butterflies in Philippines
PHOTO ALBUMS:
1.Davao butterfly-host plants
2.Malagos garden resort
3.Philippine butterfly-Nymphalidae
4.Flowers familiar with butterflies
Kresha Camille Sotto

BLOGS:
1.Wonderful Creature 3
2.Wonderful Creature 2
3.Wonderful Creature
4.B-fly
5.Apo Shallowtail(Graphium Sansawanum)
6.About the butterflies and Philippines
7.Butterflies in Mindanao
8.Witness in your eyes
9.About the butterflies in Philippines
VIDEOS:
1.Team Philippines
PHOTO ALBUMS:
1.Butterfly of Philippines:Family: Pieridae"
2.Butterfly of philippines:Family: Papilionidae
3.Phil.Butterflies
ELIZAH JC.ADALIN
BLOGS:
1.Mindanao butterflies(Part 2)
2.Mindanao butterflies(Part 1)
3.Mindanao butterflies
4.Mindanao butterflies
5.Trivias about butterflies
PHOTO ALBUMS
1.Butterflies Philippines:Family:Hesperiidei
Lars
PHOTO ALBUMS:
1.Butterflies NRW,Germany
Tarit Nitiwantananon
PHOTO ALBUMS :
1.Butterfly in Khao Khew, Thailand
VIDEOS :
2.Butterfly in Khao Khew,Thailand
Fernando M.Panuculan
PHOTO ALBUMS:
1.Philippine butterflies (paruparo ng pilipinas)

Thanxx  lot
regards
SUKRITI SUKHIJA

SUMMARY OF THE BLOGS

Posted by aakarsha handa on July 9, 2011 at 11:48 AM Comments comments (0)

Hello everyone

This blog will show the blogs , photo albums and videos contributed to the butterflies by the students of Apeejay School , Pitampura.

Saumya Gupta

BLOGS

1.Butterflies.

2.Facts About Butterflies.

3.Different Families of Butterflies.

PHOTO ALBUMS

1.Butterfly.

Tribhi Kathuria

BLOGS

1.Greta Oto or The Transparent Butterflies.

2.The World's Most Beautiful Butterflies.

3.Dangers Faced by Butterflies and How We Can Help Them.

4.Extreme Butterflies.

5.Butterfly Conservatory at Lodhi Garden in New Delhi.

PHOTO ALBUMS

1.Butterfliy Shoes.

2.A Butterfly Kite

3.Butterflies!!!

Radhika Malik

BLOGS

1.All About Butterflies.

2.Butterflies and Moth Extremes.

3.Butterflies and their Defence Measures

PHOTO ALBUMS

1.Radhika's Butterfly Album

2.Butterflies!!!

VIDEOS

1.Butterfly sucking Nectar.

Somya Sangal

BLOGS

1.Beauty of Butterflies in Culture.

2,What does a Butterfly do for Nature?

3.Spotted in Delhi . . .

4.Species of Butterflies found in Delhi

VIDEOS

1.Beautiful Butterflies

2.Life Cycle of a Lime Butterfly

Shreya Chauhan

BLOGS 

1.Butterfly in Arts.

2.The Need for Butterfly Conservation.

3.Butterflies aren't for Free or Profits.

Mudit Murarka

BLOGS

1.Swallowtails

2.Some Art that flutters in India.

Amitesh Chawla

BLOGS

1.Butterfly Basics

VIDEOS

1.Life Cycle of a Butterfly.

Sarthak Saxena

BLOGS

1.Contributions of my city( New Delhi ) for Butterflies.

PHOTO ALBUMS

1.The Garden made for Butterflies in New Delhi ( Lodhi Garden ).

VIDEOS

1.Millions of Butterflies fill Indian skies.

Devanshi Verma

BLOGS

1.Families of Butterflies spotted easily in Delhi.

SUMMARY OF THE BLOGS

Posted by aakarsha handa on July 7, 2011 at 8:23 AM Comments comments (2)

Hello everyone

This blog will show all the posts , photo albums and videos contributed to the butterflies by the students of St. Mark's Girls Sr. Sec. School.

Aakarsha Handa

BLOGS

1.Butterfly Facts : Butterflies don't have Wings.

2.Butterfly Facts : Butterfly doesn't spin a cocoon.

3.Butterfly Facts : Wings that can hear!

4.Butterfly Facts : Butterflies cannot fly if their body temperature is less than 86 degrees.

5.Butterfly Facts : Strange feeding habits!

6.Butterfly Facts : The chrysalis that sings.

7.Getting to know more people. . .

8.Butterfly Facts : Butterfly tricks.

9.Butterfly Facts : The wierdest caterpillars on earth.

10.Butterfly Facts : Butterfly eyes!!

11.Our first visit to . . . 

12.Butterfly Facts : Skipper-butterfly or a moth??

13.Butterfly Conservation through Organisations and Societies in India

14.Summary of the Blogs

PHOTO ALBUMS

1.Butterflies of Delhi - Nymphalidae

2.Butterflies of Delhi - Pieridae

3.Butterflies of Delhi -Pachliopta

4.Butterflies of Delhi - Papilionidae

5.Earth Day Celebrations.

6.Butterflies clicked at Gurgaon.

7.In my garden. . .

8.Host Plants of Philippine butterflies

VIDEOS

1.Plant a Butterfly

2.Our students putting the first step forward towards Plant a Butterfly

3.Intro Video

4.Inside a Cocoon . . 

5.Moth caterpillar tyurning into a chrysalis.

6.Life Cycle of a Moth

7.Life Cycle of a Butterfly

8.Moth emerging from a cocoon

9.Monarch Butterfly Pupal Stage

10.Butterfly drinking nectar

11.Butterfly eating orange.


Sukriti Sukhija

BLOGS

1.Butterflies found in India - Common Leopard Butterfly

2.Butterflies found in India - Plain Tiger Buttterfly

3.Butterflies found in India - Peacock Pansy Butterfly

4.Butterflies found in India - Small Orange Tip Butterfly

5.Butterflies found in India - Skipper Butterflies

6.Butterflies found in India - Large Cabbage White Butterfly

7.Butterflies found in India - Common Wanderer Butterfly

8.Butterflies found in India - Common Emigrant Butterfly

9.Butterflies found in India - Common Grass Yellow Butterfly

10.Butterflies found in India - Crimson Tip Butterfly

11.Butterflies found in India - Blue Tiger Butterfly

12.Butterflies found in India - Common Line Blue Butterfly

13.Butterflies found in India - Blue Pansy Butterfly

14.Butterflies found in India - Chocolate Pnsy Butterfly

15.Butterflies found in India - Pea Blue Butterfly

16.Butterflies of Inida - Common Crow Butterfly

PHOTO ALBUMS

1.Yamuna Biodiversity Park

2.In my nearby garden . . .

3.Pics of Butterflies.

VIDEOS

1.Butterflies of Kenya

2.Blue Pansy Butterfly

3.Pupation of Common Grass Yellow Butterfly

4.Cabbage White Butterfly

5.Peacock Pansy Butterfly 

6.Egg hatching of a Skipper Butterfly


Namrata Pandey

BLOGS

1.World of Incredible Butterflies - Karner Blue Butterfly

2.World of Incredible Butterflies - Silver Studded Blue Butterfly

3.World of Incredible Butterflies - Development of wings in Butterflies

4.World of Incredible Butterflies - Dependence of butterflies on Outside Warmth.

5.World of Incredible Butterflies - Defending from predators

6.World of Incredible Butterflies - Butterfly diet

7.World of Incredible Butterflies - Butterfly Reproduction

8.World of Incredible Butterflies - Butterfly Body Parts

PHOTO ALBUMS

1.Yamuna Biodiversity Park ( 3 )

2.Plants

3.Buttergroup

4.Body Parts

VIDEOS

1.Red Admiral Butterfly

2.Monarch Butterfly Migration

3.Venomous Butterflies

4.Butterfly Reproducing

5.Butterfly Mating


Preet Kaur

BLOGS

1.Butterflies Forever

PHOTO ALBUMS

1. Butterfly in Art - Tatoos

2.Butterfly in Art - Wind Chimes

3.Butterfly shoes

4.Butterfly rings

5,Butterfly in Art - Lamps

6.Butterfly in Art -Clips

7.Butterfly Watches

8.Butterfly Cakes

9.Butterfly Wallpapers

10.Butterfly in Art - Jewellery

So , this is the contribution from our school and our students.

thank you

Regards

Aakarsha Handa


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